return
flag日 本語 Japan


Japan

https://www.japan-talk.com


Japan Travel+Living Guide
http://www.japan-guide.com

Japanese Library - Toronto
http://jftor.org/library

Nihongo













About Japanese
https://freelanguage.org
up arrow
Japanese in Brief
http://nihongo.monash.edu


Aprendre le japonais French flag

https://www.mesexercices.com

Learning+Teaching Japanese
https://www.thoughtco.com

Japanese Phrases for Travelers
https://www.fodors.com
http://japanese-phrases.sakura.ne.jp

Japan Survival Guide for Travelers
http://www.sonic.net

Discussion of Japanese

https://japanese.stackexchange.com


Japanese Proficiency Test
https://www.transparent.com


Japanese Writing
http://www.kanachart.com

The Japanese Writing System
http://cjvlang.com
http://www.kanji.org
https://www.youtube.com

.

Instead of an alphabet, the Japanese have a syllabrary, 

an informal and a formal one: hiragana+katakana.

.

Hiragana is the informal Japanese writing system of syllables 

hiragana https://www.youtube.com

.

Katakana is the formal writing system of syllables used

katakana in Gov't correspondence+when writing 

katakana foreign words+names

katakana https://www.youtube.com

.

Kanji          are the Chinese ideograms that are "blended in"

kanji          with hiragana+katakana.

kanji          https://www.youtube.com

.

A Japanese sentence can have ALL THREE: hiragana, katakana,

*and* kanji.

https://www.youtube.com


LearnKana
http://learnthekana.com

KanaRules
http://infohost.nmt.edu

Hiragana
http://markun.cs.shinshu-u.ac.jp

Hiragana+Katakana
http://www.kanji.org
http://infohost.nmt.edu

TheKanjiStory
https://www.youtube.com
up arrow
KanjiStroke Order
http://infohost.nmt.edu

KanjiRadical
http://infohost.nmt.edu

Kanjiby Shape
http://infohost.nmt.edu

Kanjiby Frequency
http://infohost.nmt.edu

Kanjiby Topics
http://infohost.nmt.edu

Kanjito Learn
http://infohost.nmt.edu


KanjiWord Quizes
http://www.manythings.org
http://www.manythings.org

Learning Japanese Podcasts
https://www.japanesepod101.com

Japanese: Lesson a Day
http://japanese-lesson-a-day.blogspot.com


Teach Yourself Japanese

http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp

Japanese for the Western Brain
https://kimallen.sheepdogdesign.net

Japanese-Learning Portals
https://www.erin.ne.jp excellent multilingual
http://marugotoweb.jp excellent English/Spanish
http://webgerman.com
http://nihongo-e-na.com excellent
http://www.e-japanese.jp
https://www.youtube.com

http://maggiesensei.com

http://japanese-lesson.com
http://www.wannalearn.com
http://genki.japantimes.co.jp excellent

https://www.thejapanesepage.com

https://www.freejapaneselessons.com .
.
Learning Japanese+Make Friends
https://minato-jf.jp excellent

Learning Japanese Using Anime+Manga
http://anime-manga.jp/index_english.html 
multilingual

Japanese Videos English subtitles excellent
https://hirogaru-nihongo.jp

Japanese for Kids
https://web-japan.org

Children's Bilingual Dictionary
http://www.enchantedlearning.com

up arrow
Loan Words
http://infohost.nmt.edu

Common Words
https://www.japan-talk.com

Vocabulary
http://iteslj.org
https://quizlet.com
https://quizlet.com
https://quizlet.com
https://quizlet.com
https://quizlet.com
https://quizlet.com
https://quizlet.com

https://www.csus.edu
https://www.proprofs.com
http://www.languageguide.org
http://www.learn-japanese.info

Flashcards: Numbers 1 - 10
http://japandreaming.com


Synonyms
https://synonyms.reverso.net

Noun Quizes
http://www.manythings.org
http://www.manythings.org

Verb Quizes
http://www.manythings.org
http://www.manythings.org

Verbs

https://www.youtube.com

http://www.epochrypha.com

Adjective Quizes
http://www.manythings.org
http://www.manythings.org

Adverb Quizes
http://www.manythings.org
http://www.manythings.org

Japanese Word Quizes
http://www.manythings.org

Common Japanese Phrases
http://infohost.nmt.edu

500+ Games+Activities
http://www.hello-world.com

Japanese Language Games
http://www.digitaldialects.com


Translation Games, Dictionary,
Language Activities+Quiz

https://www.syvum.com/squizzes/japanese


Tanoshii
pleasant, delightful

https://www.thoughtco.com
up arrow
Onegaishimasu, Kudasai
https://www.youtube.com
https://www.youtube.com


Introduce Yourself

https://www.youtube.com
https://www.youtube.com


I'm pleased to meet you.
https://www.youtube.com

明けましておめでとうございます
Akemashite-omedetō-gozaimasu
Happy New Year

おはようございます
Ohayōgozaimasu
Good morning.

御免さい
Gomennasai

https://www.youtube.com

すみません
Sumimasen
Sorry.

Sumimasen ga, Tokyo eki wa dochira desu ka. 
Excuse me, but which way is Tokyo station?

申し訳ありません
Moshiwake arimasen
I have no excuse that it is clear it is my fault
(even though it may be out of your control)


I like you.
http://www.youtube.com

Flirting
http://www.youtube.com
http://www.youtube.com
up arrow
Harajuku Girls
http://www.youtube.com


Anata wa nihongo o hanasemasu ka
あ なたは日本語を話せますか
Do you speak japanese?

  • 日 本語を分かりますか?Nihongo o wakarimasu you ka? 
  • Do you understand Japanese?
  • 日 本語が話せますか?Nihongo ga hanashimasu ka?
  • Can you speak Japanese?
  • 日 本語を話してください。Nihongo o hanashite kudasai. 
  • Please speak Japanese.

Domo arigato gozaimasu.
どうもありがとうございます。

Arigato gozaimashita.

ありがとうございました。
Thank you for what you've done.


頂きます(いただきます)before eating
itadakimasu
I "gratefully" receive; to get; to accept; to "humbly" take

御馳走様(でした)

(ごち そうさまでした)after the meal

gochisosama (deshita)
Thank you for the meal.

The Challenge for Japanese ESL Students
Japanese ESL students find these sounds difficult
to pronounce as there are no Japanese equivalents:

th

v


b

l
up arrow
Pitch
Japanese is NOT a stress-based language
but a tonal pitch language.

A Japanese syllable can have either a "high"
or "low" pitch.

There are 3 possibilities for a 3-syllabic word:
1. HIGH-low-low;
2. low-
HIGH-low;
3. low-
HIGH-HIGH.

A difference in pitch can change the meaning
of the word.

HA shi ga
the chopsticks

ha SHI ga
the bridge

Interestingly, low pitch syllables tend to indicate a break
between words.

The word for paper and hair is kami: they are both
pronounced with the very same pitch.

That is also true of the word for 
storehouse and saddle,
kura.


The Syllabic Stop
The syllabic stop in the word ka-t-ta prolongs the sound
of the first syllable.

A Constant of the Syllable
Consonants appear only at the beginning of a word.
creating "open-ended" syllables.

The effect is that every syllable is pronounced "evenly".

This allows the Japanese to pay attention to "each" individual
sound produced by "each" syllable (rather than to the overall
sound of the word as with English).


2 Dictionaries
There is one for the Chinese ideograms, kanji and
another for written Japanese words, 
the hatsuon-biki.

The Most Common Japanese Sound
The most common Japanese sound is the u
pronounced with the tongue high and towards
the front of the mouth.

The lips do not protrude.

In fact, it's a linguistic trait of Japanese that the
lips hardly ever move.

Linguistic Traits

The kgn and h are "gutteral sounds".

Japanese uses the palate and the back of the mouth
whereas English uses the teeth and the tip of the tongue.

In Japanese (like in the Chinese languages) each
distinct syllable is short and said fast one after the
other.

Like other Asian languages, most words tend to be
a syllabic pair which adds to the simplicity of Japanese.

A Word-Building Example
kokugo
the national language

zenkoku
of the whole country

kokuji
Japanese ideograms

Communication Style
The first topic of discussion when exchanging greetings
it the weather.

The Japanese try their best to make their conversations
sound pleasing.

up arrow